There however exists the fair-sized group of measuring techniques using conventional light sources, called traditionally though not very correctly as the white light speckle metrology. Wang K.
University of Trento, Trento, Italy Flutter, Hopf bifurcation and Ziegler paradox for elastic structures Opcje binarne Emit Zaklady to non-holonomic constraints Flutter, divergence instabilities and Hopf bifurcations may occur in elastic structures subject to nonconservative loads such as follower forces and forces acting on a fixed line.
This was theoretically shown by ZieglerBeckReutamong many others see Wybor oplat maklerskich w Indiach review by Elishakoff, However, the practical realization of these nonconservative forces was considered extremely difficult and often declared impossible.
It will be shown in the talk, both theoretically and experimentally, how to obtain follower forces of Strategia handlowa nierownowagi Ziegler type and related instabilities by exploiting Coulomb friction, a result which sheds light on the interplay between friction and instability Bigoni and Noselli, We will introduce forces acting on a fixed line and explain how these can be realized to demonstrate instabilities Bigoni and Misseroni, It will finally be shown that flutter and divergence instabilities including Hopf bifurcation and destabilizing effects connected to dissipation phenomena can be obtained in structural systems loaded by conservative forces, as a consequence of the application of non-holonomic constraints.
The motion of the structure produced by these dynamic instabilities may reach a limit cycle, a feature that can be exploited for soft robotics applications, especially for the realization of limbless locomotion Cazzolli et al. References Beck, M. Bigoni, D. Tommasini, M. Solids Solids 59, Cazzolli, A. Elishakoff, I. Koiter, W. Sound Vib. Reut, V. Ziegler, H. BIO: Opcje binarne Emit Zaklady Bigoni is a mechanician working in solid and structural mechanics and material modeling, wave propagation, fracture mechanics.
His approach to research is the employment of a broad vision of mechanics, with a combination of mathematical modelling, numerical simulation, and experimental validation.
From Davide Bigoni holds a professor position at the University of Trento, where he is leading a group of excellent researchers in the field of Solid and Structural Mechanics. He has authored or co-authored more than journal papers and has published a book on nonlinear Solid Mechanics.
He has been awarded an ERC advanced grant in He has been guest lecturer for the Midwest Mechanics Seminars inhe is fellow of the Accademia di Scienze e Lettere of Milan from An anniversary issue of the Journal of the Mechanics and Physics Opcje binarne Emit Zaklady Solids has been dedicated to him in He is co-editor of the Journal of Mechanics of Materials and Structures and associate Editor of Mechanics Research Communications and in the editorial board of 8 international journals.
Here, we present a characterization Opcje binarne Emit Zaklady the conformational space of the SARS-CoV-2 spike S protein aided by all-atom molecular dynamics simulation and a coarse grained approach for calculation of the most relevant interactions.
This protein possesses a receptor-binding domain RBD that binds to surface cell receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2—ACE2 and then triggers the fusion of viral and host cell membranes.
Our studies highlight the nanomechanical stability of the RBD protein . Also, we discuss the energetic difference of S protein conformations via the mapping of the hydration free energy by the Poisson-Boltzmann method . We expect our results foster the discussions of the number of RBD involved during cellular recognition, quantification and discussion of the free energy barrier from closed to open conformation and the development of novel druggable binding sites for disruption of the SARS-CoV-2 S stability.
Uwagi: The seminar will be held online via gotomeeting program. Virtual Tissues are an approach to constructing quantitative, predictive mechanistic models starting from cell behaviors and combining subcellular molecular kinetics models, the physical and mechanical behaviors of cells and the longer range effects of the extracellular environment.
I will illustrate these approaches in: 1 the pattern of viral replication, spread and cellular immune response in epithelial tissue, 2 the development of blood vessels and its effect on Choroidal Neovascularization CNV in Age-Related Macular Degeneration the most common cause of blindness among the elderly and in Diabetic Retinopathy, 3 the disorganization of normal tubular structure which occurs in Polycystic Kidney Disease, which leads to overgrowth and eventual kidney failure, and 4 toxin-induced damage in the liver.
Enkodery - dostępne rozwiązania | autocity-poznan.pl
Glazier received his B. His research focuses on experimental and computational approaches to pattern formation in embryology. PAN, W. Debski Institute of Geophysics, PAS How nature speaks about imminent catastrophic failure - the DEM analysis It has recently been reported that the equal load sharing fiber bundle model redicts the rate of change of the elastic energy stored in the bundle reaches its maximum before catastrophic failure occurs, making it a possible predictor for imminent collapse.
The fiber bundle model does not contain central mechanisms that often play an important role in failure processes such as localization. Thus, there is an obvious question whether a similar phenomenon is observed in more realistic systems.
We address this question using the discrete element method to simulate breaking of a thin tissue subjected to a stretching load. Our simulations confirm that for a class of virtual materials which Opcje binarne Emit Zaklady to stretching with a well-pronounced peak in force, its derivative and elastic energy we always Opcje binarne Emit Zaklady an existence of the maximum of the elastic energy change rate prior to maximum loading force.
At the micro-scale, the transformation proceeds through formation and evolution of complex martensitic microstructures.
Instytutowe Seminarium Mechaniki im. W. Olszaka i A. Sawczuka
At the macro-scale, the overall response of polycrystalline SMAs often exhibits softening, which leads to strain localization and inhomogeneous transformation in the form of Lüders-like bands or more complex transformation patterns, for instance, multi-prong interfaces observed in NiTi tubes under tension. Evolution of microstructure at the micro-scale and formation of transformation patterns at the macro-scale are both accompanied by nucleation, propagation and annihilation of interfaces.
Spatially-resolved modelling of the corresponding phenomena can be efficiently carried out using the diffuse-interface approach. In this talk, our recent related results will be summarized. The phase-field method has been applied to model the martensitic microstructures at the micro-scale with the focus on size effects, rate-independent dissipation, and microstructure evolution during nano-indentation.
University of Trento, Trento, Italy Flutter, Hopf bifurcation and Ziegler paradox for elastic structures subject to non-holonomic constraints Flutter, divergence instabilities and Hopf bifurcations may occur in elastic structures subject to nonconservative loads such as follower forces and forces acting on a fixed line. This was theoretically shown by ZieglerBeckReutamong many others see the review by Elishakoff,
In order to model strain localization and transformation patterning in polycrystalline NiTi, a macroscopic model of SMA employing a gradient enhancement has been developed along with a micromorphic-like regularization that facilitates the finite-element implementation.
Finite-element simulations of representative 3D problems illustrate that the model correctly represents the loading-rate effects and complex transformation patterns in NiTi tube under tension. Application to electrodeposited copper During the seminar I would like to present the results obtained using the recent implementation of the elastic-viscoplastic self-consistent code.
As I expect the audience to have various backgrounds I will try to do my best in order to briefly explain the crystal plasticity theory in the simplest possible way in the beginning of the talk. The implementation of the new elastic-viscoplastic self-consistent scheme for polycrystalline materials was presented in a recent paper .
Wykłady i seminaria
The core of the model is the tangent additive interaction law proposed in . The goal of the present work was to identify and model the elastic-viscoplastic behavior of electrodeposited copper films under tension-compression loadings.
From the experimental point of view, as proposed in the literature, a film of copper was electrodeposited on both sides of an elastic compliant substrate.
The overall specimen was next subjected to tensile loading-unloadings. As the substrate remained elastic, the elastic-plastic response of copper under cyclic loading was determined experimentally. A clear kinematic hardening behavior was captured.
Przykładowe rozwiązania konstrukcyjne enkoderów: a enkoder z wałkiem wyjściowym, b enkoder z otworem pod wałek, c enkoder linkowy Omron, Eltron, Kübler Konkurencja w branży przemysłowej zmusza producentów do ulepszania procesów produkcyjnych, czego efektem jest produkcja detali charakteryzujących się małymi tolerancjami wykonania i krótkim czasem wytwarzania. Podobne wymagania stawia się maszynom produkcyjnym, które muszą być coraz dokładniejsze i bardziej wydajne.
The behavior of the single grain is rate dependent where kinematic hardening is accounted for in the Opcje binarne Emit Zaklady at the level of the slip system. The model parameters were optimized via an evolutionary algorithm by comparing the predictions to the experimental cyclic response.
As a result, the overall response was predicted. In addition, the heterogeneity in plastic strain activity was estimated by the model during cyclic loading. Experiments and elastic-viscoplastic mean-field modeling, Mechanics of Materials,  Molinari, A. Opcje binarne Emit Zaklady of Engineering Materials and Technology, Uwagi: The seminar will be held online via gotomeeting program. Besides viscosity effects, specific solute-solvent interactions are present and a continuous change of the shape of NATA molecule is observed.
MD approach allows simplification of this process segregating the whole Opcje binarne Emit Zaklady into very limited number of conformers with corresponding time population and therefore, allowing extraction of Brownian dynamics for a particular conformer from MD. Now, knowing the structure of a particular conformer, we propose to study self-diffusion using hydrodynamic bead model, where each atom is represented by a separate bead.
Such analysis adds to a better understanding of a fluid-molecule interaction. In this talk, I will present comparison of experimental and computational MD and hydrodynamic bead model studies of reorientational motions of NATA in water, urea, GdmCl and proline.
It was found that the hydrodynamic results were in very good agreement with MD simulations for the individual structures, showing that the hydrodynamic bead model provides a realistic description of rotational diffusion for rigid peptide structures. Overall, our study generated new microscopic insights into the complex nature of the structure and dynamics of peptide solvation shells for systems containing water and denaturing and stabilizing co-solvents.
Wojciech Debski, prof. This almost trivial statement gains a much deeper sense in cases when we cannot infer thought information by direct measurements. Such situations happen quite often, actually too often. The approach is very well developed for cases when finite even very large number of parameters are estimated. The problem arises if the thought parameters is a function of independent parameter for example time rather than a set of discrete parameter.
The naive approach of replacing the thought function by a finite set of parameters by discretizing it is not very efficient and pron to various limitations. From the physical point of view the method is based on two basic symmetries of underlying equation s : time reversal and source-receiver reciprocity. My talk will begin with basic introduction mathematical principle upon which the TRM method is build up. Invasion, as the name suggests, involves cancer cells spreading out from the main cancerous mass into the surrounding tissue, through production and secretion of matrix degrading enzymes.
Metastatic spread is the process whereby invasive cancer cells enter nearby blood vessels or lymph vesselsare carried around the body in the main circulatory system and then succeed in escaping from the circulatory system at distant secondary sites where the growth of the cancer starts again.
To shed light on the metastatic process, we present a mathematical modelling framework that captures for the first time the interconnected processes of invasion and metastatic spread of individual cancer cells in a spatially explicit manner—a multigrid, hybrid, individual-based approach. This framework accounts for the spatiotemporal evolution of mesenchymal- and epithelial-like cancer cells, membrane-type-1 matrix metalloproteinase MT1-MMP and the diffusible matrix metalloproteinase-2 MMP-2and for their interactions with the extracellular matrix.
Using computational simulations, we demonstrate that our model captures all the key steps of the invasion-metastasis cascade, i. For these reasons, soft conductive polymer hydrogels CPHs have been recently developed resulting in water-based system with tissue-like mechanical features, outstanding adhesion, biological and electrical properties. Compared with other CPHs, IPNs exhibit high chemical and mechanical stability with outstanding biocompatibility, electrical and Opcje binarne Emit Zaklady properties thanks to the efficient integration of ICPs into the hydrogel matrix.
However, the fabrication of conductive IPN possesses some major difficulties and challenges related to ICP hydrophobicity.
In light of this, in this seminar, the design and synthesis of a novel conductive IPN hydrogel will be presented. To allow the fabrication of the hybrid hydrogel in an aqueous medium, ICP monomers are modified and synthesized to ensure the water-solubility.
Morphological, chemical, thermal, electrical, electrochemical and Opcje binarne Emit Zaklady properties of the IPN will be reported and the effect of the different ICP concentration addition will be discussed.
Additionally, biological response of neural progenitor cells and mesenchymal stem cells in contact with the conductive IPN will be described in terms of proliferation and neural differentiation. Finally, the possibility to use the hydrogel solution as a printable ink to fabricate 3D biomaterials with desirable morphological and handling properties will be presented.
Taking into account all data, the potential of the proposed IPN as a platform for neural tissue engineering will be highlighted. I will review work we have carried out over the past few years on: i systematically deriving a PDE model for tumour angiogenesis from a discrete formulation and comparing this model with the classical, phenomenological snail-trail model; ii agent-based models for cranial neural crest cell migration in a collaboration with experimental biologists that has revealed a number LEEDS University International Strategy new biological insights.
Forming near the beta phase transus temperatures, leads to the formability reduction due to phase transformation, grain coarsening and oxidation during the long time heating. The effects of heating parameters on the formability and post-form strength of the material were studied through uniaxial tensile tests using varying heating rates and temperatures. Subsequently, the evolution mechanisms of elongation and post-form strength were studied using scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy.
It was revealed that under FAST conditions, the phase transformation, grain coarsening and oxidation of the material could be greatly reduced due to the extremely short processing time.